Pictures of Horror

Holocaust Deaths

Country/Region

Low Estimate

High Estimate

Germany (1938 Borders)

125,000

130,000

Austria

58,0000

65,000

Belgium & Luxembourg

24,700

29,000

Bulgaria

0

7,000

Czechoslovakia

245,000

277,000

France

64,000

83,000

Greece

58,000

65,000

Hungary & Ukraine

300,000

402,000

Italy

7,500

8,000

Netherlands

101,800

106,000

Norway

677

760

Poland & USSR

3,700,000

4,565,000

Romania

40,000

220,000

Yugoslavia

54,000

60,000

TOTAL

4,778,677

6,017,760

Source: Nizkor Project statistics derived from Yad Vashem and Fleming, Hitler and the Final Solution.

Auschwitz-Birkenau became the killing centre where the largest numbers of European Jews were killed. After an experimental gassing there in September 1941 of 250 malnourished and ill Polish prisoners and 600 Russian POWs, mass murder became a daily routine; more than 1.25 million were killed at Auschwitz-Birkenau, 9 out of 10 were Jews. In addition, Gypsies,SovietPOWs, and ill prisoners of all nationalities died in the gas chambers. Between May 14 and July 8,1944, 437,402 Hungarian Jews were deported to Auschwitz in 48 trains. This was probably the largest single mass deportation during the Holocaust.

The Holocaust is generally regarded as the systematic slaughter of not only 6 million Jews, (two-thirds of the total European Jewish population), the primary victims, but also 5 million others, approximately 11 million individuals wiped off the Earth by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. It is hard to grasp the idea that it isn't just 11 million deaths, but 11 million people whose lives were cut off because of racism and hate, all in a period of 11 years .

The idea that the Holocaust represents 11 million lives that abruptly ended is a difficult concept, but this is an important point. The Holocaust was the extermination of people not for who they were but for what they were. Groups such as handicaps, Gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, Catholics, Poles, Soviet prisoners of war, political dissidents and others were persecuted by the Nazis because of their religious/political beliefs, physical defects, or failure to fall into the "Aryan" ideal.


 

 

 

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